Afall protection cushions offer children safety when playing on playground equipment on the playground or in the garden. Should they lose their balance or slip and fall, they are cushioned by the rubber fall protection pads. These mats are available in different colours and are therefore perfectly suited for the design of the surface on a playing surface.
The installation of fall protection cushions is carried out either on solid substrates such as terrace slabs and asphalt or on percolable substrates such as grass, gravel and chippings. The solid floor must be level and free of holes or other recesses. A sufficient gradient is also important.
If the fall protection pads have a maximum thickness of 30mm, they should only be positioned on asphalt, concrete or paving stones. Regardless of the surface, a water drainage system should always be ensured. In addition, all unevenness must be levelled out. Recesses, such as for example with playground equipment posts, can be cut out quite simply with a jigsaw from the cushions.
The floor under the fall protection cushion is usually a bound surface such as asphalt. In the implementation phase, however, it is also frequently used on gravel surfaces with ballast substructures. Sand is rather unsuitable for positioning, as it can be washed out by the action of water, thus creating cavities under the mats. A sensible fixing should always be done by gluing, either over the entire surface on bonded substrates or on the sides on chippings.
As the fall protection mats are subject to natural expansion, non-bonded cushions no longer look good after only a short time. But here the appearance is rather uninteresting. If the mats are not glued, dangerous trip hazards can occur and weeds can grow through the joints. If the weeds get through, this will also take up unnecessary time, as the fall protection pads will then have to be maintained more frequently and more intensively.
In general, the fall protection pads should be positioned within a radius of approx. 2 meters around the affected play equipment, as in most cases a person falling falls away from the equipment at a certain distance.
If the fall protection pads are to be installed on soil that is not capable of seepage, it is important to ensure a sufficient gradient so that rainwater can drain off reliably and no puddles form. In the case of a seepable soil it is not quite as bad if there is no slope, because the pads are usually rain-permeable so that rainwater can flow off through the slabs in the soil.
Many are not sure how to position fall protection plates correctly so that they really protect the children in the event of falls and rainwater also drains off easily at the same time.
Preparing an installation plan in advance makes positioning easier afterwards and gives an initial overview of how many slabs are actually required. In this plan, the area to be provided with fall protection pads is measured and recorded. This works best on a checked sheet.
A level and stable surface is required for positioning the mats. To border the area that is to be provided with the fall protection cushion, a border is suitable which ensures that the cushions do not slip later. It also prevents tripping hazards from occurring, as the fall protection cushions expand when exposed to heat and contract when exposed to cold. The lateral securing prevents expansion and thus reduces the risk of injury.
Pre-treatment of the floor is particularly important for fall protection cushions with a thickness of less than 30 mm. Stronger rubber mats have more weight and can lie better on slightly uneven floors. The material that serves as the bed for the fall protection pads should also be compacted, as this prevents the surface from sinking irregularly.
When positioning the fall protection pads, it often makes sense to position them with an offset. An offset provides more stability for the laid surface. When gluing the surface, make sure that the rubber mats are not exposed to moisture for 24 hours so that the adhesive can dry completely.
As many people still know from the playgrounds that the playground equipment is located in a large sandbox, it is rather unusual nowadays for new buildings. Basically sand, gravel or mulch can be used as fall protection. However, there are extreme disadvantages compared to the fall protection pads.
On the one hand the rubbers can be "played away". This means that the surface does not always remain at ground level, but can in principle be distributed over the entire playground, as it is not a continuous mass. Holes can occur and thus the risk of injury is increased. Foreign objects, such as broken glass, dog excrement or pointed objects, can also be detected poorly in mulch or similar.